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Joint Pain – Know The Causes And Treatment

Joint pain is one of the most common health problems faced by people all over the world. It affects men and women equally and can affect people of all age (the condition is more common in older people). Joint pain is a major health problem in India. Here, we have presented all that there’s to know about joint pain:

Causes of joint pain

There are a number of factors that can lead to joint pain. Therefore, there’s’ not a single cause for joint pain. Some of the factors that cause joint pain include:

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Gout
  • Lyme Disease
  • Gonorrhea
  • Obesity
  • Lupus
  • Weakness
  • Joint tenderness
  • Bursitis
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • Bone Cancer

Above all the factors mentioned above, Rheumatoid Arthritis is one of the most common causes of joint pain. In fact, majority of the joint pain cases reported in India are linked to Rheumatoid Arthritis.

WHO-ILAR COPCORD, in a large-scale study, found out that the estimated number of Indians living with Rheumatoid Arthritis stand at 4.25 million.

Let’s explore a bit about Rheumatoid Arthritis

An autoimmune disease, Rheumatoid Arthritis occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the body tissues, particularly the synovium (joint membrane linings).

The condition affects the lining of the joints which leads to painful swelling. Failure to address proper treatment can cause the disease to worsen and lead to bone erosion and joint deformity.

Rheumatoid Arthritis can affect every joint of the body which depends on the severity of the disease. Among several joints in the body, the knee is the most affected joint and therefore a majority of Rheumatoid Arthritis patients experience knee pain. Knee pain can be acute or chronic; it can re-occur every month or two for some, while several times in a month for others.

Knee pain causes a great deal of discomfort and interferes with a person’s ability to move properly. Although knee pain generally affects aged and elderly, young adults can be a victim of the condition as well.  Some people might experience the pain in a specific part of the knee while the others may experience it throughout the knee. Knee pain, in most people, requires ongoing management while it can resolve quickly in some.

Apart from Rheumatoid Arthritis, obesity and overweight also contributes to knee pain.  The location of the knees is such that they take on the whole body weight. Therefore, knees are subject to load and pressure on a constant basis. The friction in between the knee joints from the body load results in wear and tear of the tissue and the ligaments. This not only leads to pain and swelling but also degrades joint health.


Although joint pain, knee pain, in particular, is not a fatal condition, it can interfere in pursuing everyday activities due to the discomfort in mobility. Some of the complications associated with knee pain include:

  • Permanent knee damage
  • Physical disability
  • Permanent instability of the knees
  • Impairment or loss of mobility
  • Deformity of the knee joint
  • Permanent loss of sensation (numbness) in the knees.


Fortunately, there are a number of ways to prevent or lower the risk of joint pain. These include:

  • Active lifestyle
    Sedentary lifestyle is one of the biggest reasons for joint pain to occur. Inactive lifestyle leads to obesity and being overweight; the more the body weight, the more pressure on the knee joints.

    Leading an active lifestyle helps in preventing joint pain. Regular exercise is an important aspect of an active lifestyle.  Even the simplest exercises such as cardio go a long way in keeping the joints strong and healthy. Regular exercise and controlled body weight also improve the effectiveness of joint pain treatment.

  • Healthy and balanced diet
    Healthy diet is the key to keep joint pain at bay. Some foods have anti-inflammatory properties while others are inflammatory. It’s important to include foods that have anti-inflammatory properties and lower the consumption of inflammatory foods.

    Some of the common anti-inflammatory foods include tomatoes, leafy greens (kale, collard, spinach), colourful fruits (oranges, blueberries, strawberries), fatty fish (sardine, tuna, salmon, mackerel), nuts (walnuts, almonds), and olive oil.

    Some of the common foods that cause inflammation include processed meats, refined carbs, sodas, deep-fried foods, lard, etc.

  • Avoid intense physical activity
    Intense physical activity such as lifting heavy weights/ objects, continuously running/jogging or standing can increase pressure on the knees which can escalate to persisting pain.

    Try avoiding activities that require put pressure on the knees. Or take breaks in between and stretch out to flex the muscles and tissues of the joints. 

    Treatment –

    The big breath of relief is that joint pain can be treated effectively. There are a number of treatment options available for joint pain. Here are the most effective and commonly-preferred treatment options.

  • Massage
    Massage therapies are effective in quickly relieving pain in the joints. The benefit of massage is that it can be done by the person himself or with the help of a professional.

    Massage for joint pain is more effective when done with pain relieving oil. One such oil formulated to reduce joint pain drastically is the Orthoherb Oil from Pankajakasthuri.  Orthoherb Oil is prepared from a combination of 19 different herbs.

    Castor oil and coconut oil are the two main ingredients which make Orthoherb oil effective in delivering the medicinal properties to the joint muscles, and tissues.

    Apart from providing a quick relief from pain, Orthoherb Oil also helps in making the joints healthy, flexible, and strong.

  • Medication
    Medication is another effective way to lower joint pain and treat the condition. Joint pain can be relieved by a single type of medicine or a combination of medicines. OTC (over-the-counter) medicines are effective in relieving joint pain.

    The Orthoherb tablet from Pankajakasthuri is formulated from 23 herbs and provides relief from all types of inflammatory joint problems.

    Orthoherb tablets  reduce swelling by correcting the inflammation of the synovial membrane and fluid. You can know more about the tablets here:

    Similar to the Orthoherb oil, the tablet strengthens the joints while curbing pain.

    Choose natural medication from Pankajakasthuri to find relief from joint pain.

    We also provide natural medication for different types of health complications. With years of experience and knowledge in the research and development of treatment, we offer only the best cure to make your life a healthy and enjoyable one!

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